HISTORY OF BENGAL
The present day West Bengal and Bangladesh becomes the centerpiece when we start a discourse on the History of Bengal. Situated in the eastern division of the diversified Indian subcontinent, very close to the Bay of Bengal, these two major populated regions are the blessings of lush Ganges delta. The civilization in Bengal started advancing four centuries ago. The Ganges and the Brahmaputra are the leading rivers, playing their crucial role as a geographic indicator of the entire region. If we peep into the history of extensive Indian subcontinent, we find the history of Bengal just irresistible and full of richness.
An Assortment of Empires till 12th Century
Ancient Bengal had witnessed numerous incidents like a sequence of Indian empires, internal strife, a clash between Buddhism & Hinduism for power, the rising of Janapadas (kingdoms) etc. The region was well known in trading with Arabia, Persia and the Mediterranean, keeping a steady focus on cotton muslin fabric goods while it set up colonies on the islands of the Indian Ocean and in the Southeast Asia as well. Being an integral part of various ancient pan-Indian realms including the Guptas and Mauryans, it had seen unprecedented advancement of Bengali literature, language, art, music and architecture during the dominance of the Gauda Kingdom, the Buddhist Pala Kingdom (8th to 11th century) and the Hindu Sena Kingdom (11th to 12th century).
Supremacy of Hindu Principalities
From the beginning of 13th century, the entire region was dominated by the Bengal Sultanate, Hindu Kings, and Baro Bhuiyan chiefs. During the middle ages and early Modern ages, Bengal was in control of various medieval Hindu dynasties, such as, the Kingdom of Mallabhum, Koch Kingdom, Kingdom of Tripura and Kingdom of Bhurshut. During the late 16th as well as early 17th centuries, a Muslim Rajput leader naming Isa Khan ruled the entire Bengal delta with utmost success and reputation.
Golden Era of Mughal Kingdom
Later on, the province came under the dominion of the Mughal Empire, being its wealthiest territory. Under their ruling, Bengal became a pioneer in making development in several industries like shipbuilding and textile manufacturing to the contemporary world. During the waning situation of the Mughal Empire, the dominance of the Nawabs of Bengal initiated quasi-independent conditions in the province, which ultimately led to the advent of British East India Company.
Multifarious Development in Modern Period
Started in the late 18th century, the British Reign continued in Bengal till the independence of India in 1947. Under British Empire, the region had seen both massive development and unrestrained plunder. Kolkata or then Calcutta played the substantial role of Capital City of the British territories across India. The extended exposure to British government gave rise to the influence of Western education, scientific development, institutional culture and social reformation in the province. The region was partitioned into two distinct entities during the independence of India in 1947- West Bengal, an Indian state, and East Bengal which later became an independent land of Bangladesh in the year of 1971.
Today Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal, is worldwide renowned for sweets, amazing foods and culinary art as well as a number of grand festivals. Kolkata, the City of Joy, is one of the most favourite tourist destinations in India.
Best time to visit West Bengal is from Month of October to March.
Nearest Air Port : Dum Dum Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport (Kolkata)
Major Railway Stations : Howrah Jn. Sealdah Jn. Kolkata Station (at Chitpur)
Others Transportation : Metro Railway,App Cab,Local & long Distance Buses,World Heritage TRUM service also available in Kolkata.